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Key demographic and socio-economic indicators by state and territory (as at June 2019 (a))

Key indicator Data period State/territory  
    NSW Vic. Qld SA WA Tas. NT ACT Aust. (b)
Estimated resident population (no.) Dec qtr 18 8,046,070 6,526,413 5,052,827 1,742,744 2,606,338 531,529 245,854 423,811 25,180,234
Estimated resident population growth (%) (c) Dec qtr 18 1.6 2.2 1.8 0.8 0.9 1.2 -0.4 1.8 1.6
Natural increase (no.) (d) Dec qtr 18 53,711 40,256 31,070 5,490 18,601 1,260 2,680 3,247 156,337
Net overseas migration (no.) (d) Dec qtr 18 91,999 85,965 35,039 13,319 14,863 2,717 526 4,014 248,446
Net interstate migration (no.) (d) Dec qtr 18 -21,897 13,209 23,796 -4,224 -9,503 2,522 -4,216 313 . .
Total growth (no.) (d) Dec qtr 18 123,813 139,430 89,905 14,585 23,961 6,499 -1,010 7,574 404,783
Area (km²) 2017–18 800,811 227,496 1,730,172 984,275 2,526,646 68,018 1,348,094 2,358 7,688,126
Population density (persons/km²) Dec qtr 18 10.0 28.7 2.9 1.8 1.0 7.8 0.2 179.7 3.3
    
Consumer Price Index (%) (c)(e) Mar qtr 19 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.1 2.1 0.4 1.8 1.3
Unemployment rate - trend (%) May 19 4.4 4.7 6.0 5.8 6.2 6.6 4.5 3.9 5.1
House Price Index (established homes) (%) (c)(e) Mar qtr 19 -11.0 -10.5 -0.9 0.6 -2.5 3.8 -2.6 -0.5 -7.7
Retail trade turnover - trend (%) (f) Apr 19 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2
Building approvals - trend (total dwelling units approved) (%) (f) Apr 19 -0.4 -2.8 0.0 1.8 1.3 -2.2 -2.0 7.7 -0.6
Wage Price Index - original (%) (c)(g) Mar qtr 19 2.3 2.7 2.3 2.1 1.6 2.5 2.4 2.1 2.3
   
National Visitor - Overnight visitors (%) (h)(i) Dec qtr 18 9.4 5.0 10.6 4.7 14.2 12.8 0.7 -0.3 8.6
International Visitor - Visitors (%) (h)(i) Mar qtr 19 0.3 5.0 -0.3 -4.5 -1.2 0.1 4.2 4.4 2.7
. . = not applicable
(a) Note: Table contains information as at 20 June 2019.
(b) Where applicable, includes Other Territories comprising Jervis Bay Territory, Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.
(c) Change from corresponding quarter of previous year.
(d) In the 12 months to the current quarter.
(e) Based on the capital city of state/territory; and weighted average of capital cities for Australia.
(f) Change from previous month.
(g) Hourly rates of pay excluding bonuses.
(h) Change between year endings.
(i) Based on visitors aged 15 years and over.
Sources:
ABS 3101.0  Australian Demographic Statistics, Dec 2018
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/3101.0
ABS 3218.0  Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017–18
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/3218.0
ABS 6345.0  Wage Price Index, Australia, Mar 2019
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6345.0
ABS 6401.0  Consumer Price Index, Australia, Mar 2019
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6401.0
ABS 6202.0  Labour Force, Australia, May 2019
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6202.0
ABS 6416.0  Residential Property Price Indexes: Eight Capital Cities, Mar 2019
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6416.0
ABS 8501.0  Retail Trade, Australia, Apr 2019
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/8501.0
ABS 8731.0  Building Approvals, Australia, Apr 2019
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/8731.0
Tourist Research Australia, National Visitor Survey, Dec 2018
http://www.tra.gov.au/research
Tourist Research Australia, International Visitor Survey, Mar 2019
http://www.tra.gov.au/research
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Last reviewed 20 June 2019