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Key demographic and socio-economic indicators by state and territory (as at April 2019 (a))

Key indicator Data period State/territory  
    NSW Vic. Qld SA WA Tas. NT ACT Aust. (b)
Estimated resident population (no.) Sep qtr 18 8,023,740 6,497,700 5,033,141 1,740,747 2,602,419 529,903 247,159 422,478 25,101,917
Estimated resident population growth (%) (c) Sep qtr 18 1.5 2.2 1.7 0.8 0.9 1.2 -0.2 1.9 1.6
Natural increase (no.) (d) Sep qtr 18 52,706 40,863 29,871 5,111 19,300 1,117 2,738 3,315 155,044
Net overseas migration (no.) (d) Sep qtr 18 88,934 84,827 31,814 13,153 13,621 2,545 737 4,430 240,057
Net interstate migration (no.) (d) Sep qtr 18 -22,113 13,985 24,316 -4,608 -10,304 2,370 -3,920 274 . .
Total growth (no.) (d) Sep qtr 18 119,527 139,675 86,001 13,656 22,617 6,032 -445 8,019 395,101
Area (km²) 2016-17 800,811 227,496 1,730,172 984,275 2,526,646 68,018 1,348,094 2,358 7,688,126
Population density (persons/km²) Sep qtr 18 10.0 28.6 2.9 1.8 1.0 7.8 0.2 179.2 3.3
    
Consumer Price Index (%) (c)(e) Dec qtr 18 1.7 2.0 1.5 1.6 1.3 3.0 1.2 2.5 1.8
Unemployment rate - trend (%) Mar 19 4.3 4.6 5.9 5.9 6.1 6.5 4.4 3.6 5.0
House Price Index (established homes) (%) (c)(e) Dec qtr 18 -8.4 -7.6 -0.2 1.7 -2.2 9.2 -0.8 2.1 -5.5
Retail trade turnover - trend (%) (f) Feb 19 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.3 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.2
Building approvals - trend (total dwelling units approved) (%) (f) Feb 19 3.1 -0.8 -2.0 -1.1 2.0 0.0 -6.5 -6.3 0.4
Wage Price Index - original (%) (c)(g) Dec qtr 18 2.4 2.7 2.3 2.3 1.6 2.6 2.2 2.0 2.3
   
National Visitor - Overnight visitors (%) (h)(i) Sep qtr 18 8.4 6.8 3.1 7.3 9.9 10.6 -0.4 3.1 7.0
International Visitor - Visitors (%) (h)(i) Dec qtr 18 3.0 5.4 2.3 -3.2 2.1 11.0 1.9 2.9 4.8
. . = not applicable
(a) Note: Table contains information as at 18 April 2019.
(b) Where applicable, includes Other Territories comprising Jervis Bay Territory, Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.
(c) Change from corresponding quarter of previous year.
(d) In the 12 months to the current quarter.
(e) Based on the capital city of state/territory; and weighted average of capital cities for Australia.
(f) Change from previous month.
(g) Hourly rates of pay excluding bonuses.
(h) Change between year endings.
(i) Based on visitors aged 15 years and over.
Sources:
ABS 3101.0  Australian Demographic Statistics, Sep 2018
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/3101.0
ABS 3218.0  Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2016-17
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/3218.0
ABS 6345.0  Wage Price Index, Australia, Dec 2018
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6345.0
ABS 6401.0  Consumer Price Index, Australia, Dec 2018
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6401.0
ABS 6202.0  Labour Force, Australia, Mar 2019
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6202.0
ABS 6416.0  Residential Property Price Indexes: Eight Capital Cities, Dec 2018
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6416.0
ABS 8501.0  Retail Trade, Australia, Feb 2019
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/8501.0
ABS 8731.0  Building Approvals, Australia, Feb 2019
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/8731.0
Tourist Research Australia, National Visitor Survey, Sep 2018
http://www.tra.gov.au/research
Tourist Research Australia, International Visitor Survey, Dec 2018
http://www.tra.gov.au/research
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Last reviewed 18 April 2019