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Key demographic and socio-economic indicators by state and territory (as at January 2019 (a))

Key indicator Data period State/territory  
    NSW Vic. Qld SA WA Tas. NT ACT Aust. (b)
Estimated resident population (no.) Jun qtr 18 7,987,264 6,459,765 5,012,176 1,736,389 2,595,877 528,097 247,281 420,902 24,992,369
Estimated resident population growth (%) (c) Jun qtr 18 1.5 2.2 1.7 0.7 0.8 1.1 -0.1 2.2 1.6
Natural increase (no.) (d) Jun qtr 18 52,164 39,700 30,221 4,975 19,490 830 2,795 3,582 153,775
Net overseas migration (no.) (d) Jun qtr 18 88,836 84,143 29,628 12,642 13,494 2,475 800 4,737 236,734
Net interstate migration (no.) (d) Jun qtr 18 -21,672 14,316 24,698 -5,151 -11,300 2,382 -3,831 558 . .
Total growth (no.) (d) Jun qtr 18 119,328 138,159 84,547 12,466 21,684 5,687 -236 8,877 390,509
Area (km²) 2016-17 800,811 227,496 1,730,172 984,275 2,526,646 68,018 1,348,094 2,358 7,688,126
Population density (persons/km²) Jun qtr 18 10.0 28.4 2.9 1.8 1.0 7.8 0.2 178.5 3.3
    
Consumer Price Index (%) (c)(e) Dec qtr 18 1.7 2.0 1.5 1.6 1.3 3.0 1.2 2.5 1.8
Unemployment rate - trend (%) Dec 18 4.3 4.4 6.2 5.8 6.4 5.8 5.0 3.6 5.0
House Price Index (established homes) (%) (c)(e) Sep qtr 18 -4.9 -2.1 2.2 2.3 0.0 13.2 -1.9 4.2 -1.9
Retail trade turnover - trend (%) (f) Nov 18 -0.1 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.2 -0.6 0.5 0.2
Building approvals - trend (total dwelling units approved) (%) (f) Nov 18 -3.1 0.6 -3.4 -6.2 -4.5 3.5 0.0 -9.5 -2.3
Wage Price Index - original (%) (c)(g) Sep qtr 18 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.2 1.6 2.6 1.7 2.2 2.3
   
National Visitor - Overnight visitors (%) (h)(i) Sep qtr 18 8.4 6.8 3.1 7.3 9.9 10.6 -0.4 3.1 7.0
International Visitor - Visitors (%) (h)(i) Sep qtr 18 3.4 6.4 4.6 4.3 0.6 15.2 -1.1 9.4 5.7
. . = not applicable
(a) Note: Table contains information as at 30 January 2019.
(b) Where applicable, includes Other Territories comprising Jervis Bay Territory, Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.
(c) Change from corresponding quarter of previous year.
(d) In the 12 months to the current quarter.
(e) Based on the capital city of state/territory; and weighted average of capital cities for Australia.
(f) Change from previous month.
(g) Hourly rates of pay excluding bonuses.
(h) Change between year endings.
(i) Based on visitors aged 15 years and over.
Sources:
ABS 3101.0  Australian Demographic Statistics, Jun 2018
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/3101.0
ABS 3218.0  Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2016-17
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/3218.0
ABS 6345.0  Wage Price Index, Australia, Sep 2018
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6345.0
ABS 6401.0  Consumer Price Index, Australia, Dec 2018
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6401.0
ABS 6202.0  Labour Force, Australia, Dec 2018
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6202.0
ABS 6416.0  Residential Property Price Indexes: Eight Capital Cities, Sep 2018
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/6416.0
ABS 8501.0  Retail Trade, Australia, Nov 2018
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/8501.0
ABS 8731.0  Building Approvals, Australia, Nov 2018
http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/8731.0
Tourist Research Australia, National Visitor Survey, Sep 2018
http://www.tra.gov.au/research
Tourist Research Australia, International Visitor Survey, Sep 2018
http://www.tra.gov.au/research
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Last reviewed 30 January 2019